Electrical test reports are vital tools that provide a comprehensive assessment of the safety, compliance, and performance of various components, equipment, and systems. In addition to identifying potential hazards, they can also assist individuals in fulfilling their legal responsibilities and maximizing the longevity of their installations. By understanding the different elements of these reports, readers can maximize their value and make informed decisions that promote a safe working environment.
An EICR is an Electrical Installation Condition Report and contains the findings of an inspection conducted by a qualified electrical contractor. During an EICR, the electrician will carry out a visual inspection of the electrical wiring and related equipment to look for any damage or deterioration. After the visual inspection, the electrician will disconnect the power supply to individual circuits and then test them live and dead. These tests will identify any faults and potential issues that cannot be identified during a visual inspection.
Once the results have been analyzed, the electrical inspector will recommend any necessary actions to be taken to resolve the issues found. These actions may include a Code C1 which indicates that there is a danger present and requires immediate action, a Code C2 which indicates that while not immediately dangerous, improvement would reduce the risk, or a Code C3 which indicates that whilst not currently a risk, it is likely to become one in the future and needs monitoring. Once the identified actions have been completed, the electrician should provide a Minor Works Certificate or an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EIC) to validate that the issues have been resolved.
Whether you own a commercial or residential property, it is important to have up-to-date electrical test report and to understand the information they contain. Failure to comply with safety regulations can lead to serious consequences, including injuries and fatalities. Electrical fires cause an estimated $3 billion in property damage every year and result in an average of four days off work for employees.
If you are a landlord, you have a legal responsibility to ensure the safety of your tenants. Having an EICR test carried out by a qualified electrician can help you fulfil this responsibility and protect yourself against potential lawsuits. However, there are some misconceptions surrounding EICR tests, such as the belief that they should be triggered by a change of tenancy.
In fact, the regulations specify that a EICR is valid for five years and can be used by any tenant during this period. If you decide to re-test your property, the new occupants should be given a copy of the EICR test report before moving in. In order to avoid confusion, NRLA has raised this issue with MHCLG and the relevant trade bodies to ensure that as many electricians as possible are aware of this. This will help to avoid any misunderstandings or disputes.